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Monday, October 25, 2021

Blind Bartimaeus and Prayer - Mk 10

You will recall from last week's gospel reading and sermon, that Jesus is walking to Jerusalem with his disciples to face his death.  He is already suffering the emotional stress of what he is to undergo, so much that he is walking ahead of everyone, which was unusual for him, causing them to be anxious about what is going on.  Because of the route he has taken, he is headed for Jericho, so he can approach Jerusalem from the East along the Jericho road.  However many disciples may have been with him, by the time they get to Jericho, a crowd is gathering to go up to the city, for it is time for the Passover.  

As was probably his custom, a poor blind man - according to Mark's rendition - was sitting along their route and as he heard the crowd coming, he overheard the mention of the name of Jesus, and he started to wonder if maybe Jesus was part of the crowd passing.  He would have heard of Jesus and his miraculous healing - even to the point of healing a man who had been born blind.  He may have thought that, if Jesus could heal that blind man, he could probably heal him as well.

Let's pick up the narrative, and as we do so, I will make comments along the way and then wind things up noting a few lessons we learn here.

46 And they came to Jericho. And as he [Jesus] was leaving Jericho with his disciples and a great crowd, Bartimaeus, a blind beggar, the son of Timaeus, was sitting by the roadside.  47 And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out and say, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” 48 And many rebuked him, telling him to be silent. But he cried out all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!” 

Now Bartimaeus' cry is very important, for it reveals something of his faith, about which Jesus will soon speak.  He, first of all, believes enough about Jesus' ability that he has hope that he may be healed.  His persistence, in spite of the discouragements from the crowd, show the strength of his conviction, as well, probably, the depth of his longing to see again.  I think it can be said that the deeper we feel our need, the stronger will be our faith and hope in our Lord's mercy and the stronger will be our cry to him.  But notice also how Bartimaeus addresses him, "Jesus, Son of David."  This is a very important Messianic title, for it represents the fact that Jesus is David's descendant and greater son, the one whom David called both his son and his Lord; he who bears this official title is the Messiah come to restore David's heritage and throne.  How rarely do we see this title in the gospels!  Mark has it only 3 times, and two of them are here.  This man may have been blind, but he saw more than most.  Like Peter, he was given grace by the Father in Heaven to recognize that Jesus was the promised Messiah.  His cry for mercy and hope for healing was based, not only in the depth of his felt need, and in the conviction based on the stories he had heard, but on his own theological understanding of just who this person was - of course he heals the blind!  Is not the Spirit of God upon him to bring healing, since he is the Messiah?  And so he cries out.

And of all the things going on around him, this one thing stops Jesus in his determined tracks.

 49 And Jesus stopped and said, “Call him.” And they called the blind man, saying to him, “Take heart. Get up; he is calling you.” 50 And throwing off his cloak, he sprang up and came to Jesus. 51 And Jesus said to him, “What do you want me to do for you?” And the blind man said to him, “Rabbi, let me recover my sight.” 

Ah!  Now here we may have a clue as to why Mark includes this story and why he names this beggar, elevating him to a point of recognition in the Church.  Does not Jesus's question ring a bell?  Had not Jesus just asked this question of James and John, as we read last week: "What is it that you want me to do for you?"  James and John wanted positions of prominence in the kingdom.  Bartimaeus could have asked for that, too; or for anything else he pleased.  But his request was much more simple: "Lord, I just want to be able to see again."  That's all.  What a contrast between these two answers to the same question.

52 And Jesus said to him, “Go your way; your faith has made you well.” And immediately he recovered his sight and followed him on the way.

And here we have this beautiful end of this vignette.  Bartimaeus could have ventured off now to go see everything he had ever wanted to see, as he had suffered through the years in his poverty and blindness.  But what does he do?  He just wants to keep his eyes on Jesus.  Oh, friends, he who is forgiven much loves much, as Jesus said.  And he who has been much comforted loves much as well.  Do we, as Jeremiah in his Lamentation, remember the wormwood and the gall of our own past, and how we cried out to Jesus for mercy, and he gave his comfort to our afflicted souls.  O friends, let us never forget how good Jesus has been to us, and let's keep him where he belongs in our lives and in our hearts, foremost, right out in front, the object of our chief attention, faith, obedience, and love.  For he is worthy now and forever.

But now, having gone through this story, I want us to note for a few minutes a few particular lessons we learn from Bartimaeus' example for Christian prayer.  When Bartimaeus, poor and blind, called out to Jesus to have  mercy upon him, he was praying.  Prayer is bringing our cares and needs to Jesus.  And Bartimaeus was good at praying, for he received from the Lord what he asked for.

He thus gives us a good pattern for our own prayers.  I find three lessons for us here:

First:  if there's anything that he teaches us, it is his earnestness.  As soon as he was aware of his opportunity, he cried out.  He persisted when discouraged.  And when he had his audience, he threw aside hindrance and "sprang up" to meet with Jesus.  The apostle James tells us that The effective, fervent prayer of a righteous man avails much. (James 5:16) and he gives Elijah as an example.  James could have used Bartimaeus as well, for it was that earnest and repeated cry, "Son of David, have mercy on me!" that arrested our Lord's attention and resulted in the answer to his prayer.  

Ah, friends, we don't have to be worked up into an emotional frenzy in all our prayers, but is there a particular request you wish to make of the Lord that you know is important.  Then let us seek grace - perhaps adding fasting to our praying if need be - to have the earnestness in our petitions that is befitting the importance of our request, with the confidence that it will make a difference.  The Lord's teaching is plain about this.

Next, Bartimaeus shows us the critical element of being definite in our requests.  When Jesus asked him what he wanted, he went straight to the point: "Rabboni, or my Lord, that I may receive my sight."  There is an excellent chapter in Andrew Murray's book, With Christ in the School of Prayer, to which I call your attention about being definite in prayer.  He mentions a habit, with which we are all familiar, of being indefinite in our praying, simply asking God's will be done, whatever that is, and so be it.  There will be times when we do not know what God's will may be in a matter, and so we pray "thy will be done," and trust that the Holy Spirit in us will offer the proper prayer, making up for our weakness (as we read in Romans 8:26).  But how would that prayer have sounded in Bartimaeus' mouth?  Jesus asked him, "what would you have me to do," and he replies "Rabbi, I don't know, whatever you want, your will be done."  Would he not have instead received more of a rebuke for his little faith than healing from Jesus?  The Lord bids us ask, seek, and knock that we may have the petitions we desire of him.  When he comes to the door, we'd better know what we are there for.  

Why does our Lord want us to be definite?  Murray says, "He desires it for our own sakes.  Such definite prayer teaches us to know our own needs better.  It demands time, and thought, and self-scrutiny to find out what really is our greatest need.  It searches us and puts us to the test as to whether our desires are honest and real, such as we are ready to persevere in.  It leads us to judge whether our desires are according to God's Word, and whether we really believe that we shall receive the things we ask.  It helps us to wait for the special answer, and to mark when it comes."  (p. 56).  I would love to quote Murray more from his chapter on Mark 10 and Bartimaeus' request, but we lack the time, so do look that up yourself.

Bartimaeus teaches us to be earnest in our prayer, to be definite, and finally to have faith.  We expect this, do we not?  Jesus was always responding to people according to their faith, "According to your faith be it unto you," he might say.  We read in the book of Hebrews, 11:6: But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him.  (By the way; note that final phrase "those who diligently seek him;" there is that earnestness of which we have spoken.).  Yes, we know we must have faith.  Bartimaeus believed that Jesus could and hopefully would heal him, but not at the very moment of asking.  When Jesus says his faith had made him whole, the faith he refers to is the faith that he had already demonstrated in calling him the Son of David.  Bartimaeus had the faith to be healed, he was simply exercising that faith in his prayer, in his request of his Lord.

How may we have faith when we pray to receive the answer we seek?  Friends, there's no better way than to simply bring along with our requests the promises the Lord has already given us in his word - and they are abundant!  They are not only expressly stated throughout the Scriptures - and to our minds especially in the gospels - but implied by everything the Lord tells us to do.  Every promise, in all the Bible, in Jesus Christ, God considers a "yeah and amen" to our requests in prayer.  And rest assured, the very act of going to Jesus in the first place - as Bartimaeus does here- is an expression of faith, whether we feel we have faith or not.  Let's not pray looking at our feelings, but remembering the promises and looking to the merciful and loving hand of our Lord, who gives us all things richly to enjoy according to his will for us, as St. John says in his first epistle, I John 5:13 I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal life. 14 And this is the confidence that we have toward him, that if we ask anything according to his will he hears us. 15 And if we know that he hears us in whatever we ask, we know that we have the requests that we have asked of him.

So, dear friends, let us follow the example of our dear brother, Bartimaeus, and be earnest, be definite, and be believing in our prayers, as we keep our eyes upon our Lord, and follow him, carrying our daily cross after him, to glory,  Amen.

[img source wikimediacommons]

Monday, October 18, 2021

St. Mark 10 for caregivers

    When it comes to our Gospel reading this morning and our ongoing observation of how Jesus is training the future apostles, those of us who are familiar with this story and with sermons on this story easily remember lessons about personal ambition, jealousy, and about how we should follow Jesus' example and live a life of service, in contrast to seeking people to serve us instead.  And all that is very valuable, very appropriate for this passage, and I'll touch on some of that.  However, this morning, you'll forgive me if I want to zero in on a particular situation that we all can face at some point in our lives: getting along with people we are trying to help, such as aging relatives in your family, or other people you can run into as a care-giver.  Trying to help people can sometimes be a huge challenge.  I suspect some of you immediately hearken back to your own experience in a situation like this and how difficult it can be.  Let's take a few minutes to look at this passage again in light of this challenge we face in seasons of our lives, because this is no little thing.  It's one of those places where the rubber-meets-the-road, as we say, concerning our walk with our Lord.    

    First of all, I must refer us to the few verses leading up to this story which were left out.  They give us the context for the story.  Here's where you can follow along, beginning in v. 32.

32 And they were on the road, going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was walking ahead of them. And they were amazed, and those who followed were afraid. And taking the twelve again, he began [again - 3rd time] to tell them what was to happen to him, 33 saying, “See, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be delivered over to the chief priests and the scribes, and they will condemn him to death and deliver him over to the Gentiles. 34 And they will mock him and spit on him, and flog him and kill him. And after three days he will rise.” (ESV)

So what do we find?  Jesus was walking to Jerusalem, but he walked in a way he had not done before; he was walking like he was in a hurry to get something done.  He did not walk along socializing with the disciples; he was walking like he only thought of what he had to do.  He knew what he was heading there for, too; and speaks again to his disciples of it.  Everyone following him was “amazed”.  His behaviour was so unusual that it scared them.

So, we find that, while Jesus is already sensing the stress, the anxiety, that horror to his feelings that he would eventually express in the garden of Gethsemane, yet the disciples were completely out of touch.  They are thinking of something completely different, and it seems even petty and self-serving, compared to what Jesus is going through.  The clash is dramatic!  

Jesus is suffering with the struggle of serving the people around him, but those very people are completely oblivious to what he's going through.  Instead, they want him to do them a self-serving favour.  

Friends, as we follow our Lord and his providence, serving people at times can be just that very thing, can't it.  And when it is, what are you going to do?  How are you going to respond?

We know how we would like to respond!  I recall a story from long ago about a Puritan woman who was serving a large household.  She had a friend visit her on one occasion, and the visitor was surprised at how calm and gracious this woman was being, serving all these people.  When she got her alone in the kitchen, she asked her, "How is it that you can remain so calm?"  And the Puritan woman replied, "Thou knowest not how I do boil inside."  

If we are trying to help or take care of someone who can't seem to have the slightest concern about what it's costing us to be good to them, I suspect we all can feel the boil begin, but we know it's not right.  If we lash out in resentment or self-pity and complain to them for their needs or requests - for one thing - we could be hurting them, couldn't we, when we're supposed to be helping them.  There could be a degree of innocence in their failure to consider us - as there was even with James and John; they were just children of their culture.  When Jesus would tell them he was going to die, it just wouldn't register with them.  He knew they cared about him and appreciated him; they just could not conceive of what he was facing here in this moment.  It would be wrong to complain to them for being so out of touch with the situation.  

But even if we know very well that the person we are taking care of is just a selfish, mean, ungrateful person who can't think of others because they are so bound up in their sins, yet even then, if we lashed out, they still would not understand would they?  It's not going to change things for the better.  And it would even hurt our Christian testimony.  There are times when you just have to deal with the disappointment we feel with others in our own hearts.  But that's just what Jesus himself did, wasn't it.

How did Jesus respond to James' and John's question?  Patiently; he just took it as a serious question and gave them a good answer.  He maintained his attitude of service, though it meant no sympathy from those he served.  He was, after all, the Great Shepherd, and sheep will be sheep, so he keeps up with their weaknesses.

And then the other disciples get wind of what these two guys were doing and they got mad about it and started complaining, and now Jesus has this social situation he has to stop and take care of.  He has to gather them around him again for another lesson time.  When he does, he speaks to them those words, now so famous:

"But whoever would be great among you must be your servant, 44 and whoever would be first among you must be slave of all." 

Note that he doesn't speak as if wanting to have a position, to share his glory, was a bad thing.  He didn't do that with James and John, either.  It was not a bad thing - though the motive needed to be right, of course.  But if a person was to share in the glory of the kingdom, he had to live a kingdom life, and that meant a life of service - a life of thinking about other peoples' needs, not just your own.

And that's why we serve the people we are trying to help, isn't it.  Oh sure, if it's a family member, we will have some affection for them; our feelings and perhaps our nostalgia or appreciation for their own kindness in the past, will carry us along.  But there are times when all that is not enough.  There are times when we engage our wills, pray for grace to keep our cool, and we do what needs to be done for them, because we are children of the kingdom; we live the kingdom life; this is our calling, our privilege, our duty.  It's our calling as disciples, followers of Jesus - for, what did Jesus go on to say?  Why are we to live to serve others; why is this a kingdom life?  Because it's the life of the King himself.  Jesus says,

45 For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”

It's the way our master lived.  You recall the old song, "I walked today where Jesus walked;" whether we are in the Holy Land or not, we walk where he walked, for it is the only way to arrive at where he will be and to share in his glory.  

You know, I can't help but notice that the lesson of this whole story is summed up in the words of St. Paul in the 2nd chapter of his letter to the Philippians.  I think I'll close with it:

3 Let nothing be done through selfish ambition or conceit, but in lowliness of mind let each esteem others better than himself. 4 Let each of you look out not only for his own interests, but also for the interests of others.

5 Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus, 6 who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, 7 but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men. 8 And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross. 9 Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, 11 and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling; 13 for it is God who works in you both to will and to do for His good pleasure.  [Jesus said, it is the Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom; but you can only have it if you live the kingdom life of service]

In conclusion, you know what my prayer is about all of this?  

Yes, I pray, Lord, help me not to be out of touch with you and what you are doing; I really want to be sensitive to you, and not just be expecting you to be sensitive to me.  But especially I pray: God, keep me from becoming one of these people who are difficult to take care of when the time comes - someone who is out of touch with what others are going through.  I hope that's your prayer too.  There are limitations here, of course!, and it's true that you can never really understand everything someone else is going through anyway.  But we should at least try, and certainly not be demanding toward other people or exasperating to them because we've given into self-pity or we can only think of ourselves.

To avoid becoming that kind of person, we need to develop good habits now.  We need to hate every particle of self-pity in our hearts.  We need now to keep Jesus' example of the kingdom life before us and Paul's words to the Philippians in our minds, and develop the habit of joyfully acting this way now.  Hopefully, when we are not as mentally aware as we have usually been at times, enough grace in this area will have been engrained in us, that we will keep on thinking, not only of ourselves, but also of those around us, especially those trying to help us, and while they serve us, we'll try to serve them too the best we can with what we have left, even if it's just a smile and a prayer.

It's complicated!  Lord have mercy, and help us to finish well and get us all safely to his glory.  Amen!

Wednesday, October 13, 2021

Mk 10:32-35 - Out of Touch with Jesus

 Working on my sermon this Sunday:

So, while Jesus is already sensing the stress, the anxiety, that he would express in the garden of Gethsemane, the disciples were completely out of touch.  The clash is dramatic!  The clash itself is scary: Lord, is there any way I’m as out of touch with you as that?  How can I walk with you, if I can be so out of touch?  

Yet he deigned to walk with them.  He is so longsuffering.  To take the position of willingness to recognize that I can be so out of touch is key; it’s the place of humility.  He’s willing to walk with us, even if we don’t know what we should know, as long as we are humble - like he is.

Monday, October 11, 2021

"Follow Me" - Qualifications

 The Bible is full of instruction about wealth and riches and it often warns about the special power they seem to have to turn us into idolators.  Jesus speaks of it in his important Sermon on the Mount:

19 “Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal, 20 but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, ... 21 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.  ... 24 ... You cannot serve God and money.

The story of the rich young ruler is a real-life parable of this truth.  Here is a young man who is conscious of the fact that he lacks something in his heart; that somehow, even though he's been trying to be righteous, yet he knows he still has a spiritual need and that he is not assured of having eternal life.  And he feels this need so sharply, that he throws aside all social restraints of his class and religious standing, and falls down before Jesus, this man that all his peers disdain. And he does so, somehow knowing that Jesus - who obviously is not a servant of the devil but a good man - somehow he will have the answer.  

And he was right, wasn't he.  The ruler came to just the right place, the feet of Jesus, who is himself the source of eternal life.  And he is given all hope of having what he lacks, for Jesus invites him to follow him; Jesus is willing to receive him.  But what happens?  Jesus knows that the man's wealth has an idolatrous grip on his heart.  The young man is going to have to get rid of this idol if he is to follow him.  So Jesus confronts the young man about this idol.  How?  He picks up on the cue that the young man thinks he needs to do something else beside what he has already done.  How true that was!  The young man thought he had been keeping the ten commandments, but Jesus puts his finger on how the young man was actually breaking the commands about idolatry and covetousness.  He did it by telling him to sell all he has and give the proceeds to the poor.  The young man couldn't do that.  He loved his wealth too much.  This was the one thing he needed to do, but he couldn't.  He thus walked away from the answer to his quest, subject to the idol in his heart.

This visit by the rich young ruler set up an interesting scenario for the instruction of the twelve about the nature of the discipleship that they had begun.  First of all, they are reminded that a disciple cannot serve God and money.  Jesus has again confronted someone about forsaking their wealth to be a disciple.  He has done so because we cannot follow Jesus and the idols in our hearts - whatever they may be.  

But this incident has left the disciples confused, and Jesus knows it.  He knows what they are thinking.  After the young man walks away, Jesus stands there and just looks at the twelve for a minute, probably giving them a moment to digest what has just happened.  He knows that they think that material wealth is always an evidence of God's favour on a person - just like Job's comforters did.  You'll recall, that Job's comforters could not understand how Job could be righteous and have his wealth taken away from him at the same time.  To them, prosperity was a sign of righteousness.  But Jesus knows that the two don't always go together, and so he flat out tells them, "How difficult it will be for those who have wealth to enter the kingdom of God!”   And he has to tell them twice, because they are so amazed at this. They can't help but thinking that, if anybody was going to have eternal life it would be this young fellow, and so they can't help but ask, "Well, then who can be saved?"  

Jesus' answer to their confusion is to point them to the grace of God.  They have asked a universal question, "How can anybody at all be saved if someone like this young man cannot be?"  Jesus gives a universal answer, "When it comes to anybody being saved, it's an act of Almighty God.  Since nothing is impossible with God, he can save anybody - poor or wealthy or in any possible condition." 

Thus Jesus here brings home an important lesson for the disciples: if they are his followers, it is because Almighty God has had mercy on them and done for them what it was impossible for them to do for themselves; God gave them the gift of repentance from their idols.  They had left behind their worldly occupations and goods to follow Jesus, not because they had some innate moral strength in themselves, but because God had graciously worked in their hearts to love Jesus more than the things of this world.  God had done for them what Paul says God does for every disciple of Christ: "For by grace are you saved, through faith, and even that faith is not from you, but it is the gift of God, lest anyone should boast that they had saved themselves" (Eph. 2).

That, by the way, was another problem with the young ruler: he thought he was saving himself by keeping God's law - he just needed to keep something else, to do one more thing, and he would be fine.  Jesus gave him a situation to make him realize that he needed more than a greater effort at being good; he needed God's mercy to deliver him from his idolatry.

But having responded to the disciples' confusion with an affirmation of God's grace toward them, Peter - being Peter - blurted out the next thing that came to his mind:  “See, we have left everything and followed you.”  In other words, "Well, we have not failed like that young ruler failed; we have left all and followed you."  What was going on in Peter's heart, we do not know.  It's more than likely that a lot of things were going on in his heart.  But it doesn't seem that Peter's statement was without merit, as if he was being purely mercenary.  It's likely Peter is speaking before he's taken enough time to digest what has just happened and what Jesus had said.  And Jesus' answer does not seem to be a rebuke, but seems to be more of an effort to further ground Peter's faith and to encourage him.  Instead of a rebuke, he gives Peter a remarkable promise - a universal promise for all his disciples.  He tells them that God's reward for whatever they may give up to follow him will exceedingly surpass anything they have left behind.  

This is a very comforting promise to all followers of Jesus.  There is reward for turning away from all our idols to serve him, not only in the world to come, but in this life as well.  Even the mention of persecution was a promise of blessing, because Jesus had said in the Beatitudes that persecution was a blessing.  

This promise has certainly come true for me.  When I began to follow the Lord as a senior in highschool, I lost the respect of some people and I lost some of my closest friends.  Even greater costs came as time went by.  But I soon had many, many more friends - even people who were like family to me.  And today, I look back, and I have a multitude of loving brothers and sisters, not only here in the States, but in other countries as well - and some are already in heaven, too.  You can probably say the same.

This past week, I was told by a member at First Pres, that he knows a dear, Christian lady, in one of the lesser tribes of Brazil, who is in a coma.  But she is surrounded by friends and family who care for her.  But there are also other Christian friends in the greater country of Brazil that pray for her.  And, beside that, there are people in the United States praying for her.  And her friends beside her will take calls from people on their phones and let them talk to her while she lies on her bed.  Isn't that beautiful?  This poor elderly lady, is loved and befriended by  people she has not only known, but by believers she has never met and never could meet in this life.

Friends, may I quote from a Baptist commentator?  He writes: "A Christian is a man who follows Christ and obeys Christ and gives Himself to Christ for love's sake.  But Christ never calls a man to an unreasonable service.  The life Christ calls a man to, is the best life and the highest life, the rich life.  And that is what the Christian doctrine of rewards amounts to; it is the assertion of the supreme reasonableness of the Christian life." (J. D. Jones, x. 28-31, p. 310.)

Think of it: using your earthly wealth to lay up eternal treasure in heaven is a reasonable thing to do, isn't it.  To forsake all possessions and relationships that keep you from heaven so you can gain many more possessions and relationships - with persecution in this life but glory to come - makes sense as well, doesn't it?  Peter did not need to worry about what was going to happen to them for following Jesus.

So can we sum up the three lessons for the disciples here? 
1) Beware of riches - they can become idols;
2) Remember that you are saved by an almighty God of grace; and
3) Jesus is no man's debtor; he wants to bless us more than we can imagine.  

I close with famous words by C. S. Lewis from his book, Mere Christianity:

"Give up your self, and you will find your real self. Lose your life and you will save it.  Submit to death, death of your ambitions and favourite wishes every day and death of your whole body in the end: submit with every fibre of your being, and you will find eternal life. Keep back nothing. Nothing that you have not given away will ever be really yours. Nothing in you that has not died will ever be raised from the dead. Look for yourself, and you will find in the long run only hatred, loneliness, despair, rage, ruin, and decay. But look for Christ and you will find Him, and with Him everything else thrown in.” 

Profit from Desolation

From Austin Farrar's book, A Faith of Our Own (1960):

It is by these desolating experiences that God teaches us to trust him, not ourselves.  The more emptied out we are, the more hope there is of our learning to be Christians.  Now is the very moment - there will never be a better - for us to put our trust in the God who makes something from nothing, who raises the dead.   
(p. 114, img source: 
The Next C.S. Lewis? A Note on Austin Farrer » Transpositions )

Wednesday, October 6, 2021

Newman on Results of Science

 From John Henry Newman's Idea of the University (3, Section 2):

The object of all science is truth;—the pure sciences proceed to their enunciations from principles which the intellect discerns by a natural light, and by a process recognized by natural reason; and the experimental sciences investigate facts by methods of analysis or by ingenious expedients, ultimately resolvable into instruments of thought equally native to the human mind. If then we may assume that there is an objective truth, and that the constitution of the human mind is in correspondence with it, and acts truly when it acts according to its own laws; if we may assume that God made us, and that what He made is good, and that no action from and according to nature can in itself be evil; it will follow that, so long as it is man who is the geometrician, or natural philosopher, or mechanic, or critic, no matter what man he be, Hindoo, Mahometan, or infidel, his conclusions within his own science, according to the laws of that science, are unquestionable, and not to be suspected by Catholics, unless Catholics may legitimately be jealous of fact and truth, of divine principles and divine creations.

Now what I like about this, is his assumption that, since God created all objective reality in our universe, and since this same God created us with the purpose of actually and meaningfully engaging with that objective reality in which we find ourselves (exercise "dominion"), then it can be accepted as a fundamental premise that what we perceive with our five senses indeed correlates with what is actually there, with the object perceived.  This could be called a "common sense" conclusion.  But it is actually a conclusion based upon the implications of a reading of Holy Scripture.  Now if one wants to deny that divine inspiration has ever taken place, and that the Bible is not God's communication to us of real truth via human agents, then one is left with the agnostic belief about human knowledge with which the philosophers have left us.  The Christian reply, however, is that Jesus rose from the dead, proving he was divine, and that his opinion of the trustworthiness of Holy Writ is to be received and believed, simply because he could not have lied about it.  As St. Paul relates, everything hangs on the resurrection of Jesus - even our understanding of the human endeavour called science.

Monday, October 4, 2021

Jesus & the Biblical Family

 On Mark 10:2-16.  Bible quotes are ESV.

We have a very important passage of scripture in our gospel today, to which we must pay attention.  It's important, on the surface at least, for 2 good reasons.  First of all, Jesus gets angry with his disciples!  That hardly ever happens!  We would do well to note why he was angry with them.  And the other reason is that Jesus affirms the biblical doctrine of holy matrimony and the ideal of the Christian family, which is so much under attack today, and has been for a long time.  While the world, under the influence of the prince of the power of the air, continues to do all it can to make peoples' lives at home miserable, we, the disciples of Jesus, who listen to what he teaches us here, need to celebrate, enjoy, and decidedly affirm the blessing of biblical marriage and family life, so we may fulfill our mission to be the salt and light of this world.

So let's look at this passage.  Why does the subject of marriage come up?  It comes up because the Pharisees are trying to trick Jesus again into saying something they can use against him.  They ask the question, "Is it lawful to divorce your wife?"  Now they all know, Jesus included, that there was provision for divorce in the book of Deuteronomy.  But they all also know that this provision had long been abused by men, who were divorcing their wives willy-nilly.  It's possible that Jesus might say something against divorce because of the abuse.  If he does, not only could they use it to accuse him of contradicting Moses, but the news of his comments might get to King Herod's court, and who knows?  John the Baptist had been imprisoned and eventually beheaded because he had spoken against Herod's divorce; maybe Herod would deal with Jesus as well.

But Jesus is ready for them.  In the words of a famous Pete Seeger song, "Oh when will they ever learn?"  He asks them, "What did Moses command you?"  They, of course, have the provision for divorce in Deuteronomy in their mind, so they refer to that.  But Jesus has another command of Moses ready for them, for remember that Moses is considered the author of Genesis as well.  And in the book of Genesis we have another command:  ‘Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and hold fast to his wife, 8 and the two shall become one flesh.’ And then Jesus - basing his words on Moses - says, "What God has joined together, let no man put asunder."  

So, instead of really getting into the divorce debate, Jesus affirms the institution of marriage.  The uniting of a man and a woman to start a new new household is a joining together that God does.  Marriage is an institution God founded when he created mankind.  And it is important for so many reasons.  To begin with, God made man in his own image, but this image is not complete without there being both male and female.  It was not good for the man to be alone, but it was very good for the man to be married to the woman.  That's what God says.  And it was together, in this union of one flesh, that they would fulfill their mission to exercise God's dominion over the earth.  Adam was in charge and Eve was his helper - but what a helper!  When Adam sees her, he bursts out in poetry!  She was also his completer; only together were they what God intended them to be.  

I could go on.  But let me at least say here again, marriage is God's institution.  It is not an idea that humans invented at some point in history, which - themselves being the author - they can change in any way they want whenever they want.  Marriage was ordained by God from the very beginning of human history and we have no right to change it.  That means that the 2015 US Supreme Court decision of OBERGEFELL v. HODGES, which affirms a different understanding of marriage, is wrong before God and needs to be reversed.  God is not mocked, and he will hold accountable judges that make such rulings.  It also means that we who are married should do all we can and pray for grace to have as lovely a marriage as possible, so as to demonstrate and prove the value of God's will for humanity.

I have mentioned that the marriage of men and women together is critical for the role we have to exercise God's dominion on this earth, but we also remember that God told Adam and Eve to be fruitful and multiply.  That's why our liturgy for the solemnization of holy matrimony includes propagation as one of the purposes for marriage.  And that brings up the topic of children, which we now note in our reading; and this is where we see Jesus get angry.  Let's look at it again.

13 And they were bringing children to him that he might touch them, and the disciples rebuked them. 14 But when Jesus saw it, he was indignant and said to them, “Let the children come to me; do not hinder them, for to such belongs the kingdom of God. 15 Truly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God like a child shall not enter it.” 16 And he took them in his arms and blessed them, laying his hands on them.

There is a lot of emotion going on in this passage.  The parents were so moved by how loving and wonderful Jesus was, that they wanted their children to meet him, to be close to him, to receive his loving touch.  The disciples - giving them as much credit as we can - were probably concerned about Jesus being overly taxed; they probably thought he should be protected from being bothered like this.  Thus their emotions were involved, in their solicitude for their Lord.  Jesus gets angry with them because they don't understand just how important these children are.  And then there is the emotion of the children which had to be there, because Jesus was hugging them and blessing them, which had to make them feel important and loved.

In the midst of all this emotion, we see the life of a biblical family.  The family is founded on the marriage of the mother and father, and their children are loved and nourished as they bring them to Jesus so they may know his love for them.  Do we get the picture here?  It's no wonder Jesus is so engaged emotionally in all this.  To begin with, he loves all the members of the household, including the children.  Unlike the culture around them, Jesus thought children were important - indeed eternally important, if you follow their example of humility.

What is more, Jesus is very engaged here because, he considers families the basic building block of his kingdom.  If you look at the bible over all, God likes to save families.  We see him dealing with individuals, yes, but he also deals a lot with families.  The family, and all those in the household, is the basic building block of the church.  The apostles don't go into detail about what our roles are to be in the family because they want us to be happy as individuals.  No.  It is so that our families may be a humble, wholesome community, reflecting the grace and image of God, so that consequently, as our families come together in worship, a greater, godly community may be built, the church may thus grow, and his will may be done on earth as it is in heaven.  

And it is because our families are so important that a war against the family has been going on in the West for several generations now.  And this disruption of the family makes Jesus angry.  The wrath of God is upon all those who seek to damage God's institution of marriage and harm the life of the family that is to result.  

Let's be sure we are on the Lord's side in this matter, at least here at Redeemer church, to please the Lord with godly, Christian homes.

I'll end by quoting a lovely, simple hymn, out of the Baptist hymnal:

1. God, give us Christian homes!

Homes where the Bible is loved and taught,

Homes where the Master's will is sought,

Homes crowned with beauty Your love has wrought;

Homes where the father is true and strong,

Homes that are free from the blight of wrong,

Homes that are joyous with love and song;

Homes where the mother, in caring quest,

Strives to show others Your way is best,

Homes where the Lord is an honored guest;

Homes where the children are led to know

Christ in His beauty who loves them so,

Homes where the altar fires burn and glow;

God, give us Christian homes;

Source: Baptist Hymnal 1991 #504